1. Question: What is the abbreviation, ODEN-T?
    1. Answer: Optimized Data Environment for Network Centric Operations T (ODEN-T)
  2. Question:  What does ODEN-T do?
    1. Answer: ODEN-T is a mobile data compression and transport acceleration technology designed to reduce the effect of downlink latency at the cellular handset and improve the efficiency of existing RF spectrum.
  3. Question: What is the value or benefit of ODEN-T to the cellular provider
    1. Answer: ODEN-T offers the cellular service provider increased revenue today and future revenue growth using the existing Radio Frequency (RF) spectrum (wireless) to increase the number of user accounts available.
  4. Question: Why is improving the efficiency of the RF spectrum so important?
    1. Answer: RF spectrum is the lifeblood of the wireless industry because it is. More spectrum means faster and more-reliable wireless service. Spectrum is a limited resource controlled, for the most part, by the US government, and it can be obtained only through a government auction or by acquiring a company with spectrum holdings. Because more spectrum is necessary to handle the ever increasing amount of data traffic we're consuming and sharing over smartphones, tablets and, increasingly, cars and other gadgets and machines, wireless carriers are going to fight for the spectrum they want.
    2. Answer: CNET Article, October 19, 2014, The US government's wireless-spectrum auction: Why it matters (FAQ): “Data usage has grown by fivefold over the past five years and is expected to triple over the next five years, according to network-equipment maker Cisco. Analysts consider that to be a conservative estimate.”  ODEN-T improves the efficiency of the RF spectrum, saves the cellular service provider money, and provides access to more data users.
  5. Question: How expensive is RF spectrum?
    1. Answer: RF spectrum licenses cost billions of dollars.  The following quote from the AT&T 2014 Annual Report: NOTE 5. ACQUISITIONS, DISPOSITIONS AND OTHER ADJUSTMENTS provides insight into how costly, but vital, ownership of RF spectrum licenses is to a cellular service provider.  Note dollars are in millions. “Acquisitions Spectrum Acquisitions: During 2014, we acquired $1,263 of wireless spectrum, not including Leap Wireless International, Inc. (Leap) discussed below. During 2013, we acquired $895 of wireless spectrum from various companies, not including the 700 MHz, Atlantic TeleNetwork Inc. (ATNI) and NextWave purchases discussed below. During 2012, we acquired $855 of wireless spectrum from various companies. In January 2015, we submitted winning bids for 251 Advanced Wireless Service (AWS) spectrum in the AWS-3 Auction (FCC Auction 97) for $18,189.”
  6. Question: By select countries, how much has been spent for RF Spectrum licenses?  Note, in many instances the RF Spectrum is leased, not owned.
    1. Answer: The following list of countries is copied from Wikipedia, November 25, 2015, for “Spectrum auction”
      1. Canada - The Canada 2008 Wireless Spectrum Auction beginning on 2008-05-27 Industry Canada commenced an auction for 105 MHz of spectrum. The auction raised $4.25 billion. In August 2011, Canada switched from analog to digital television. In February 2014, the country auctioned additional spectrum in the 700 MHz and 2500 MHz bands to the four major players in the country and generated over $5.3 billion.
      2. Germany:  From 2000-07-31 to 2000-08-18, the German government conducted an auction for 12 frequency blocks for the new UMTS mobile telephony standard. The total of the bids exceeded expectations by reaching the staggering amount of DEM 98.8 billion (EUR 50.8 billion). In 2010, the highest bid in the German spectrum auction was 1,213 Million Euros for two blocks in the 800 MHz band.
      3. India:India was among the early adopters of spectrum auctions beginning auctions in 1991. During March 2015 auctions the government has earned a revenue of Rs. 82,000 crore ($13 billion) from spectrum allocation.
      4. Sweden: On 2008-05-08 the Swedish Post and Telecom Authority (PTS) concluded an electronic 16-day simultaneous multiple-round ascending auction for nine 15-year 4G-licenses; for a total bandwidth of 190 MHz in the 2.6 GHz band. The total required minimum bids were SEK 50 million, but the total winning bids were SEK 2,099,450,000 (approx. USD 38.60 per inhabitant).
      5. United Kingdom: From 2000-03-06 to 2000-04-27, the Radio communications Agency of the UK government raised £22.5 billion (EUR 38.3 billions) from an auction of five licenses for radio spectrum to support the 3G mobile telephony standard.
      6. United States: In the United States, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) conducts auctions of licenses for electromagnetic spectrum. The FCC has been conducting competitive auctions since 1994 rather than assigning spectra through comparative hearings under which the specific merits of each applicant is litigated, or through lotteries. Since July 1994, the FCC has conducted 87 spectrum auctions, which generated over $60 billion for the U.S. Treasury. The auctions assigned thousands of licenses to hundreds of licensees.
  7. Question: Why does the user need ODEN-T?  Provide an example?
    1. Answer: For example, how many times have you selected a You Tube video for viewing in a 3G or less service area, only to receive a spinning circle or interruptions due to buffering?  The same applies when the video quality is reduced due to reduced cellular service.  When you attempt to download large video or PowerPoint files, typically you wait.  With ODEN-T, these periods of lost time are eliminated or greatly reduced.  ODEN-T gives back those lost minutes in your very busy day, improves the quality of video data, and provides for efficient business meetings.
  8. Question: Does ODEN-T improve the speed?  Or, does ODEN-T improve the efficiency of the data transfer?
    1. Answer: Yes, ODEN-T greatly improves downlink speed and the efficiency of mobile data transfer by utilizing compression and TCP acceleration techniques, even in areas of reduced cellular service coverage.
  9. Question: Does ODEN-T work with the Android and iOS operating systems found on smart phones?
    1. Answer: Yes, ODEN-T is optimized for both Android and iOS handsets, performance improvements of up to 15X for Android and 7.5X for iOS operating systems are achievable.
  10. Question: What are some actual examples from the Internet to compare the performance of ODEN-T?
    1. Answer: Several real world examples are the compression of a NASA JPEG file from 742.2kb to 113.2kb, opening the NBC News web site in half the time, 3 seconds versus 6 seconds, or access to the Hackaday.com web site in 4 seconds versus 10 seconds.
  11. Question: How does ODEN-T work?
    1. Answer: The following is a high level description of the service requests occurring from the time the user requests a You Tube video to receipt at the smart phone:
      1. Cellular user makes a request for a You Tube video,
      2. The Thin client ODEN-T application on the handset establishes a Virtual Private Connection with the TIMMES configured server; such as Amazon Web Services,
      3. The Amazon server then passes the request to You Tube,
      4. You Tube provides the requested video to the Amazon Web server,
      5. At the Amazon Web server, the ODEN-T proprietary compression technology compresses the video,
      6. The greatly compressed You Tube video is sent to the Android or iOS handset,
      7. The handset receives the compressed video and opens for viewing using the ODEN-T application.
  12. Question:  What cellular protocols will benefit from ODEN-T?
    1. Answer: ODEN-T is most impactful on 3G and below networks, enabling these protocols to perform at 4G levels and improving the Quality of Service for the user.
  13. Question:  How does ODEN-T perform, please provide some measures of performance?
    1. Answer:  The upper performance limit for ODEN-T in a 2G/Sub 2G service area is 145KBps?
    2. Answer:  The upper performance limit for ODEN-T in a 2.5G/ 2.75G service area is 375KBps?
    3. Answer:  The upper performance limit for ODEN-T in a 3G/ 3.5G service area is 10.25MBps?
    4. Answer:  The upper performance limit for ODEN-T in a 4G service area is 1.25GBps?
  14. Question: How is ODEN-T installed in a smart phone?
    1. Answer:  Similar to the download of an application today, ODEN-T would be installed over the air or through a USB connection to a computer.
    2. Answer: Download time is minimal and registration extremely intuitive.
  15. Question:  If the subscriber elects to discontinue ODEN-T service, how will this be disabled?
    1. Answer: As with any application, the uninstall process is simple and intuitive.
  16. Question: As a cellular service provider, how does ODEN-T improve my revenue?
    1. Answer: ODEN-T compresses the data being transmitted to the cellular handset; this is download data where 6X more data is used versus upload.  If more users can be serviced over the existing RF spectrum, it is an immediate revenue increase to the provider.
  17. Question: How large is the global broadband market for 3G and below coverage?
    1. Answer: While constantly growing, there are over 2 billion global broadband subscribers with 3G and below coverage.  ODEN-T dramatically improves the cellular performance to this market along with quality of service.  In 2014, it was estimated that 90% of all global cellular traffic was transferred across sub-4G networks.
    2. Answer: CNET Article, October 19, 2014, The US government's wireless-spectrum auction: Why it matters (FAQ): “Data usage has grown by fivefold over the past five years and is expected to triple over the next five years, according to network-equipment maker Cisco. Analysts consider that to be a conservative estimate.”  ODEN-T improves the efficiency of the RF spectrum and provides access to more data users.
  18. Question: What data types will benefit from ODEN-T for cellular data passage?
    1. Answer: ODEN-T benefits all file and data types, including streaming use cases.
  19. Question: Can ODEN-T be demonstrated?
    1. Answer: Yes, the TIMMES engineering team is available to discuss and demonstrate the performance of the ODEN-T application.
  20. Question: Can ODEN-T be scaled to support enterprise and commercial cellular subscriber volumes of users?
    1. Answer: Yes, ODEN-T, at the web server appliance, can be configured to any size of customer base?  Specifics are available should this be desired.
  21. Question: Is ODEN-T exportable?
    1. Answer: Yes
  22. Question: Who do I contact for more information on ODEN-T?
    1. Answer: Contact the TIMMES Technical Director, William Craig, at william.craig@timmes.com or direct, 858-232-6325.
ODEN-T is patent protected by the United States and Trademark Office.